Electric Locomotive

No. EF58-89

Class EF58

1946 - 1986


After WW2 the first mass-produced DC passenger electric locomotive.




Before WW2, the electrified section on the arterial line was only Tokyo to Numazu on the Tokaido line, and the distance was a mere 125 Km(78 miles). Therefore, electric locomotives produced for this section were ten in number with several small family units.

During Odawara electrification on the first of February in 1926, nine of the first domestic produced model Class EF52s were manufactured until 1927. The next improved model, consisted of nineteen Class EF53s which came on the scene with Numazu electrification during 1934, and twelve Class EF56s were produced until 1940, and during WW2 fifteen Class EF57s were produced until 1943.



Class EF52 No.1
Ryuge depot during 1972


Class EF53 No.5
(Photo in T.S. position)


Class EF56 No.6
Utsunomiya depot during 1970


Class EF57 No.11
Utsunomiya depot during 1973


After WW2, when new passenger electric locomotive production was decided, there was not a great difference from the pre-WW2 designed engine's in regard to performance and appearance.
This model was named EF58 and a total of thirty-one of this Prototype-EF58 were manufactured during 1946-1948.
Restarted construction for Tokaido line's electrification progressed as far as Hamamatsu (total 260 km- 160 miles) during 1949 Therefore EF58s increased production was planned, but later aborted due to tight financing policy during 1949.



Class EF18 No.32
Fujieda station on the Tokaido line
during 1973
Three EF58 No.32-34 were almost completed at the Toshiba works during 1949. However, these three engines were not delivered, and they were kept at the works.
Two years later during 1951, these three EF58 were remodeled as a freight model and were named Class EF18 No.32-34. Accordingly EF58's numbers 32, 33 and 34 became unused numbers. EF18's still held EF58's prototype appearance after all EF58's bodies were renewed.

EF58s production was restarted after tight financing policies during 1952. The restarted EF58s had a significant change in design. The new design had augmented output power and the body appearance was improved. This new appearance had a semi-streamlined look, and seemed to be a different model.

During the same period, the prototype of EF58 No.1-31 were remade with new equipment, and replaced in a new body. War freight models EF13 (1944-1947) bodies were replaced with the used EF58 No.1-31's original bodies. The original EF13's bodies were discarded.

When EF58s production was restarted, No35 and 36's bodies only were completed. Therefore the body's intermediate parts were diverted to the new designed body, so, EF58 No.35 and 36's window arrangement was the same as the prototype.




Class EF13 No.14
It was replaced from
the EF58-9's original body during Oct 1955
Hachioji depot during 1970.





EF58 No.35
Oku on the Tohoku line
During Feb 1975




The last none-electrified section on the Tokaido line between Maibara and Kyoto was electrified on the 19th of November 1956, then all of the Tokaido line between Tokyo and Kobe was electrified.
After the Tokaido line electrification, Japan's main line electrification program was more advanced. During Sanyo, Tohoku (Tokyo-Kuroiso), Jyoetsu and Takasaki lines electrification, EF58 saw increased production, and a total of 172 were manufactured up to 1958.



Royal-Engine No.61
Tokyo depot
After their appearance, they not only went into limited expresses "Hato (Dove)", "Tubame (Swallow)" but also as local trains .... their service was expanded to all DC electric train systems.
EF58 No.60 and 61 were designated Royal-Engines for VIP and Emperial use.

The EF58 saw a long period of activity up to 1978, but operation decreased after that year. EF58s were retired during February of 1984 from the Tokaido and Sanyo main lines.
During the next year, the EF58 was retired from the Tohoku line during March of 1985.
EF58s were completely retired from regular service on the Kisei line during March of 1986.

Today during 2009, there is only one restored engine No.150 on the JR-West. EF58-150 sees service as an Event-Train once in a while. No. 61, 89, 93, 157 and 172 are preserved. No. 36, 42, 113, 144 and 154 all have cut bodys and are preserved in park museums and JR workshops.




Right photo :
The Markings of the limited express "Hayabusa" (Falcon)
on its head.




Preserved engine EF58-No.89 (1956 - 2003)

The exhibited EF58 No.89 was manufactured at the Hitachi Co. on the 3rd of August 1956.
After it's conception, EF58-89 was deployed to the Tokyo depot, but was soon transferred to Miyahara depot in Osaka.
On the 19th of November 1956, when all Tokaido line electrification was completed, EF58-89 pulled a new Green-Colored first limited express up-train called "Tsubame".
Afterward, she was active on the Tokaido and Sanyo lines from Tokyo or Miyahara depot.
During 1963, she was temporary moved to the Takasaki depot and saw service on the Takasaki and Jyoetsu lines.
During 1970, she was transferred to the Utsunomiya depot and was serviced on the Tohoku line (Ueno-Kuroiso).
During 1984, EF58-89 was retired and went into the Omiya workshop due to scrapping.

However, she escaped scrapping and was transferred to the Tabata depot and later she saw service as a Special Event Train.
She was retired during 1997 and was crossed off her registration during 2003.
Afterwards, she was preserved at the Omiya General Rolling Stock Center and later transferred and exhibited in the Railway Museum during 2007.

Tokaido's electrification celebrational plate upon completion (Original).
This was the marking on the down-train Tsubame (EF58-57) and the up-train Tsubame (EF58-89 / different design plate) on its head.
The plate mentioned ; " Opened all Tokaido line electrification. Tsubame. 19th-November-1956 ".
(Railway Museum collection)



Class EF58, No.EF58-89 Biographic Data Chart

Date Location Application
03 Aug 1956 Hitachi Seisakujyo, Mito works SN. 191521-2 Manufacture
03 Aug 1956 Tokyo Deployment
29 Aug 1956 Miyahara Transferred
28 Dec 1961 Tokyo Transferred
Dec 1962 - Jan 1963 Utsunomiya On lend
Dec 1963 - Feb 1964 Takasaki 2nd On lend
Mar 1964 Takasaki 2nd On lend
01 Apr 1964 Takasaki 2nd Transferred
20 Sep 1964 Tokyo Transferred
Dec 1965 - Jan 1966 Utsunomiya On lend
Dec 1966 - Jan 1967 Utsunomiya On lend
Jul 1967 - Aug 1967 Utsunomiya On lend
Jul 1968 - Aug 1968 Utsunomiya On lend
Jul 1969 - Aug 1969 Utsunomiya On lend
26 Oct 1970 Utsunomiya Transferred
14 Mar 1985 Tabata Transferred
Oct 1999 JR-East Deregistered
1999 - 2007 Omiya works, JR-East Preserved
Oct 2007 Saitama Railway Museum Exhibited




EF58-89 her active service days.



Higashi-Jujyo on the Tohoku line during 1971



EF58-114 and EF58-89
Local up train at the Oji.


Shown here No.89 with EF57-6
in a double-headed configuration
at Uguisudani near Ueno.


Tabata depot during 1973



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