Electric Locomotive

No. ED17-1

Class ED17

1924 - 1972


One of the imported first electric locomotives for electric arterial lines.



After WW1 ended during July 1919, industrial developed arterial line electrification was approved for the national policy in a Cabinet meeting.
Japan's electrified sections were only in a few of Tokyo's urban lines and on the steep sloped Usui pass section. It was first decided that the following three lines would be inaugurated. They were between Tokyo and Odawara on the Tokaido line, Ofuna - Yokosuka on the Yokosuka line, and Hachioji - Kofu on the Chuo line. As a result, between Tokyo and Odawara, Ofuna and Yokosuka, electrification construction was started during September of 1922. However, the Great Kanto Earthquake halted construction during September 1923. Construction was resumed during April 1924, and it was completed during December of 1925.

Prior to the electrification, electric locomotives were imported from several companies in a piecemeal fashion. As a result of the above, comparison in regard to domestic production of electric locomotive development was possible for future domestic electric locomotive planning.
Most of these electric locomotives were active on private railways until the 1970's.


Imported electric locomotives up to 1928 were as follows ;


Class Number Total Arrived Builder After 1928 Retired JNR
1000 1000-1001 2 Nov 1922 WH ED10 1960 (No.2 sold to Seibu RW)
1010 1010-1011 2 Feb 1923 GE ED11 1976
1020 1020-1021 2 Aug 1924 BB ED12 1949 (sold to Seibu RW)
1030 1030-1031 2 Feb 1924 EE ED13 1968 (ED17-27,28)
1040 1040-1056 17 May1924 - Apr1925 EE ED50 1972 (ED18-2 1979)
1060 1060-1063 4 Mar 1926 GE ED14 1966 (sold to Omi RW)
6000 6000-6002 3 Mar 1925 EE ED51 1970 (ED17-24,26)
6000 6003-6008 6 Sep 1923 EE ED52 1972 (ED17-20)
6010 6010-6015 6 May1926 - Jun1926 WH ED53 1976 (ED19)
7000 7000-7001 2 Feb 1926 BB ED54 1948 (Scrapped)
8000 8000-8007 8 Oct1923 - Apr1924 EE EF50 1959 (Scrapped)
8010 8010-8011 2 May 1926 WH EF51 1959 (Scrapped)
ED56 1 1 Jul 1928 MV -- 1960 (ED23 Scrapped)
ED57 1 - 2 2 May 1928 SS -- 1960 (ED24 Scrapped)


Builder ;
WHWestinghouse Electric (US) GEGeneral Electric (US)
BBBrown Boveri (Switzerland) EEEnglish Electric (UK)
MVMetropolitan Vickers (UK) SSSiemens Schuckert (Germany)



Of these imported electrics, the largest group was Class 1040.
Class 1040 had a total of seventeen engines and were imported from the English Electric & Co., and it's manufactured numbers were 534-550 during 1924-1925. (mechanized parts were made by the North British Locomotuve Co Ltd.) Class 1040 engine performance was not good, but they were the most active models in comparison to other groups.



English Electric
builder plate
(ED17-20)



North British Locomotuve
builder plate
(ED17-20)


English Electric
builder plate
(EF50-7)

After their appearance, they went into service on the Tokaido and Yokosuka line as passenger trains.
Later, Class 1040 were renamed to Class ED50 No.1-17, when class names were revised during 1928.
All of ED50 were transferred to Chuo line between Hachioji (Asakawa) and Kofu, when section electrification was completed during April of 1931.
During 1931-1933, the ED50 were converted to the freight model with a gear ratio modified, and were renamed the ED17 No.1-17. They were transferred to the Kofu depot, and were used for freight train service continuously on the Chuo line.



ED17-1 (ex-ED50-1)
Hachioji depot during Oct 1934
(Photo credit to K.Nishio)


ED18-3 (First generation ex-ED52-3)
Iidamachi


Two ED17's (No.17 and No.16) were altered with a relieved axle load (0-4-4-0 (B-B) to 2-2-2+2-2-2 (A1A+A1A)) for use on the light grade line Iida line during March of 1953, and were renamed the ED18 (2nd generation of Class ED18) No.1 and 2.



ED52-1
Chuo line
Class 6000 No.6003-6008 were imported from the English Electric & Co with North British Locomotive Co Ltd. and it's manufactured numbers were 554-559.
They were renamed to Class ED52 No.1-6 during 1928. ED52 were used on the Tokaido and Yokosuka line as passenger trains.
After the electrification of the Chuo line, ED52's were moved to the Hachioji depot during 1930. And they were active on Chuo line's passenger train service between Iidamachi and Kofu.

During 1931-1932, ED52 No.4-6 were converted to the freight model with a gear ratio modified the same as ED50, and were named the ED18 (first generation of Class ED18) No.4-6.
ED18 No.4-6 were remade to standard modern parts and transferred to Class ED17 No.19-21 during 1950.
The first generation of ED18 No.3 was altered with a relieved axle load (0-4-4-0 (B-B) to 2-2-2+2-2-2 (A1A+A1A)) during March of 1953, and were named ED18 (2nd generation of Class ED18) No.3.


2nd generation ED18-3
Iida line during Dec 1970


Left ED19-2 (ex-ED53-2)
and right 2nd generation ED18-2
Ina-Matsushima depot during Dec 1973.

ED52 No.1,2 were used as passenger trains for a while, however during 1943, they were also converted to freight models with a gear ratio modified much like other passenger models.

Class 6000 No.6000-6002 were also imported from the English Electric & Co with North British Locomotive Co Ltd. and it's manufactured numbers were 681-682. No.6000-6002 had a deck, so their appearance was differentiated from other ED17 series.
They were renamed to Class ED51 No.1-3 during 1928.
ED51 were used on the Tokaido and Yokosuka line passenger train service, and were moved to the Hachioji depot when Chuo line was electrofied during 1930.
During WW2, December 1943 to March 1944, ED51 were also converted to freight models for war time freight transportation when train service volume was increased, and were transferred to Class ED17 No.24-26.



ED51-1
Hachioji depot during Feb 1936
(Photo credit to K.Nishio)


ED13
(Photo from Nihon no Denki-Kikansya)


Class 1030 No.1030-1031 were imported from the English Electric & Co with Packett & Sons Co Ltd. and thier manufactured numbers were 529-530. They were renamed to Class ED13 No.1-2 during 1928.
ED13 were used on the Tokaido and Yokosuka line freight train service, but they were also moved to Hachioji depot when Chuo line electrification began during 1930.
ED13 were remade with standard modern parts and were transferred to Class ED17 No.27-28 during 1950.

On the Chuo line during pre-WW2, ED17 were mainly used as freight trains between Hachioji and Kofu by double headed operation, and ED51 and ED52 were used between Hachioji and Iidamachi's passenger train service and partial freight train service.
After the war, unified ED17s were continually active on Chuo lines freight train electrification with the exception of No.23 and 25 which were war-damaged.
But ED17 gave way to the more modern performing ED60 and ED61 for Chuo line operation, and the ED17 was turned over to branch-lines Minobu, Iida, Yokosuka and Senzan lines. ED17 disappeared from Chuo line after 1965.

Remodeled from the ED13, ED17s No.27 and No.28, and remodeled from the ED52s ED17 No.21 and No.22 were moved to the Sakunami depot on the Senzan line.
And they were retired and scrapped from Senzan line's AC electrification during September of 1968.

Remodeled from the ED51s ED17 No.24 and No.26 were active on the Yokosuka line, and were retired and scrapped during December of 1970.

Remaining other ED17 and 2nd generation ED18 were retired from Minobu and Iida lines during 1970-1972.


ED17 Biographic Data




ED17-20 (ex-ED52-5) Chubu-Tenryu depot.
Iida line during Jan 1969.



ED17-14 (ex-ED50-14)
Omiya workshop during Feb 1973.



Preserved engine ED17-No.1 (1924 - 1970)

The ED17-1 preserved at the Railway Museum arrived in Japan on the 1st of May 1923, and it was named Class 1040 No.1040, and underwent much testing.
After her test run, she was deployed to Tamachi depot and began passenger train service on the Tokaido line between Tokyo and Odawara. No.1040 was renamed to Class ED50 No.1 during 1928.
During 1931, she was moved to the Chuo line and was remodeled as freight model ED17 No.1.
She was active as a freight train on Chuo line until the new model ED61 appeared during 1959.
Afterward, she continuously stayed at Kofu depot, but she was on the branch line of Minobu freight, later she was retired on the 30th of November 1970.

After her retirement, ED17-1 was preserved at the Maizuru-Jyoshi park in Kofu city.
Later, she was transferred to the JR-East Omiya workshop and remade into her present condition during 1997. During October 2007, she was exhibited at the Railway Museum.


Class ED17 No.ED17-1 Biographic Data Chart

Date Location Application
1923 English Electric, Sil No.534
North British, Sil No.2
Manufacture
Apr - May 1923 To Yokohama Shipping
Jul 1923 Tamachi, as No.1040 Deployment
Oct 1928 Class ED50 No.ED501 Renumbered
1928 - 1931 Tokyo area Service
30 Aug 1931 Omiya works. To Freight model Remodeling
30 Aug 1931 Class ED17, No.ED171 Renamed
31 Aug 1931 Kofu Deployment
17 Oct 1950 Toshiba Works Standardization
May 1952 Hachioji Transferred
Aug 1955 Kofu Transferred
Mar 1961 Kozu On lend
Jul 1961 Kurihama On lend
Jan - Feb 1962 Kurihama On lend
30 Nov 1970 JNR, Kofu Deregistered
Apr 1972 Maizuru Park, Kofu city Exhibited
Nov 1999 To JR-East Omiya works Transferred
Nov 2000 Omiya Workshop Restored
2000 - 2007 Omiya Workshop Preserved
Oct 2007 Saitama Railway Museum Moved



Introduction

Go to Top