Japanese
Steam locomotive

Class C60

1953 - 1970

A large Tender-Engine for sub-main line passenger trains.


C60 No.16
Here we see wire poles already in place
just before electrification on the Kagoshima line.
during 1969
(Photo in T.S. possession)

The C60 was the result of diverting from the heavier axle load of the C59 to lighter grade lines. As a result, forty-seven C59's were altered with a relieved axle load (4-6-2 to 4-6-4). The C60's total weight was increased from the C59, but the axle load became 30% more light.

The first C60 was remodeled from the C59-27 during November 1953 at the Hamamatsu works, and retired during August 1968. It was later preserved at the Sendai West Park. This C60-1 is the sole C60 in existence.

17 were remodeled from C59 during 1953-1954, after that, 30 engines were altered in 1960. A total of forty-seven C59's were remodeled at the JNR Hamamatsu and Koriyama works. During the war, remodeled C59's to C60's, carried the individual numbers of 1 to 39. After the war, they carried the numbers of 101 to 108.

After its inception, C60's were placed on the Aomori, Morioka, Sendai, Kumamoto, Kagoshima depot, and went into service as passenger trains on the Tohoku, Jyoban, Kagoshima, Nagasaki and Ou (Northward from Akita) lines. C60 saw service from the local trains to the limited expresses.

However, C60's surplus culling began in 1966 because of Tohoku line electrification. C60s were decreased to 9, after all Tohoku line was electrified during October 1968. Their were 2 in the Kumamoto depot (No.17 and 102), and 7 in the Kagoshima depot (No.16, 18, 26, 28, 29, 37 and 107). These last C60s saw service on the Kagoshima line between Kumamoto and Kagoshima. And they were retired from the Kagoshima electrified line during October 1970.


Primary ran line in last 10 years Kagoshima. North part of Tohoku line
Last line/depot and year Kagoshima Sept.1970
Restored engine (2017) none
Preserved engine (2017) 1 (No.1)



C60-10 at Katuta station on Jyoban line, Apr 1960
(Photo credit to S.Sumino)

C60 No.22 (right) and class 9600 No.29654 (left)
at Aomori station, during Jul 1959
(Photo credit to S.Sumino)






Configuration 4-6-4 Dimensions Length (mm) 21360
Engine Weight (Operating tons) 82.9 Driver size (mm diameter) 1750
Boiler pressure (Kg/cm2) 16.0 Max Tractive effort (tons) 11.2
Driver Max Power (PS) 1290 Max Speed (km/h) 100
Manufactured years 1953,54,60 Total production 47
Gauge 3ft 6in (1067mm)


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